List of Government Agencies In Nigeria and their Functions (2022)

When it comes to government agencies, there are a lot of them, and it can be hard to keep track of what each one does and how they operate. In this article, we have created a list of the central government agencies in Nigeria and their functions, so you will know who to contact when you need help with your particular issue.

List of Government Agencies In Nigeria and their Functions ([year]) 1

Government AgencyFunctions
1. Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) NSCDC is a federal government agency for protecting lives and property, established in 2003 through Decree 48. The functions of NSCDC include:

– Preventing crimes like kidnapping and armed robbery; patrolling neighborhoods to keep an eye on suspicious activities; arresting people who commit these crimes.

– Protecting important buildings such as airports, seaports, oil pipelines, etc., from attacks or damage by hostile groups or individuals. They are also responsible for protecting foreign embassies that the Nigerian Government has given official status.

– Providing security at international events hosted in Nigeria (e.g., World Economic Forum).

If you need help with any issues related to safety/security, this particular government agency is the one to contact.

2. The Education Transformation Fund (TETFUND)The Education Transformation Fund was established in 2011 by the Federal Government of Nigeria to strengthen education in the country. The agency’s functions are:

– To provide financial assistance for schools/colleges across Nigeria to improve their infrastructure and resources. Funding is provided according to a set formula based on school location, student population, etc., ensuring fairness.

– To monitor implementation of policies aimed at improving standards of teaching and learning in Nigerian institutions (e.g., salaries). It includes monitoring teachers’ performance through training programs, seminars, etc., funding specific projects, ensuring that government guidelines are followed, etc. If there are issues related to your child’s particular school or colleges—such as poor quality facilities or teaching, or even bullying—TETFUND’s management team should be the ones to approach.

3. Nigeria Export Processing Zones Authority (NEPZA)The Nigeria Export Processing Zones Authority was established in 1992 as the Federal Ministry of Commerce to facilitate investment within free trade zones. The functions of NEPZA include:

– Encouraging businesses from outside and inside Nigeria to invest their money into export processing activities, which provides citizens employment opportunities, boosts local production, etc.

– Assisting investors who want to start a business or expand an existing one by providing them with information on how they can go about it—for instance, where they should set up warehouses according to customs regulations; what kind of documentation is required etc.

– Managing the Nigeria Export Processing Zones (NEPZs), which are free trade zones set up to encourage and facilitate exports from within and outside of Nigeria by providing tax incentives. NEPZs also provide jobs for citizens who may not otherwise have access to employment opportunities that pay well.

4. Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC)The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission is an anti-corruption agency established in 2003 by the Federal Government of Nigeria to fight corruption. The functions of EFCC are:

– To investigate cases related to economic/financial crimes, such as money laundering, embezzlement, etc., using modern technology like digital forensics (e.g., surveillance equipment, audio recording devices, etc.).

– Prosecuting individuals who have been charged with committing these kinds of offenses under Nigerian law.

– Recovering illegally obtained assets (e.g., money, property, etc.) using the courts to seize and sell them at public auctions.

5. Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC)The Federal Road Safety Corps is a government agency established in 1988 under the Ministry of Transportation to maintain road safety. The functions of FRSC include:

– Providing emergency services for motorists who have been involved in accidents on Nigeria’s roads, including enforcing traffic laws and regulations, removing damaged vehicles from the scene, etc.

– Prosecuting individuals with criminal offenses related to driving.

– Conducting campaigns within Nigeria to raise awareness about safe driving practices (e.g., wearing seat belts) and road hazards such as potholes/poor lighting, etc.

6. The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)The Central Bank of Nigeria is the apex bank in Nigeria, which means it has control over all other banks within the country. The functions of CBN include:

– Issuing currency to commercial banks—who are then responsible for circulating that money into people’s hands by providing loans etc.—and making sure there is enough supply of cash at any given time.

– Regulating the financial services industry (e.g., banking) throughout Nigeria via licenses issued to individual entities or branches, as well as policies/guidelines on how day-to-day business should be conducted.

– Setting interest rates according to economic indicators like inflation rate, so they remain stable and do not impact average citizens adversely; managing foreign exchange reserves through auctions held periodically.

– Monitoring the activities of commercial banks to ensure they comply with CBN guidelines and regulations and collect data on them.

7. National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP)The National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons is an anti-trafficking agency established by the Federal Government of Nigeria to protect victims of human trafficking and prosecute perpetrators. NAPTIP also helps rehabilitate victims, including returning them to their homes, etc. The functions of NAPTIP include:

– Investigating cases related to the crime of human trafficking; gathering evidence for prosecution; prosecuting suspected traffickers in court proceedings via trained prosecutors.

– Rehabilitating victims, such as providing counseling services (e.g., trauma recovery), shelter/accommodation, etc.; job training so they have a source of income when ready to reintegrate into society or find employment elsewhere if that is not where they wish to return.

8. National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA)The National Drug Law Enforcement Agency is an anti-drug agency established in 1993 by the Federal Government of Nigeria to enforce federal drug laws and combat trafficking. The functions of NDLEA include:

– Investigating suspected cases/offenses related to illegal drugs (e.g., cultivation, transportation, etc.) using modern technology like digital forensics; collecting evidence for prosecution; prosecuting those charged with committing such crimes under Nigerian law.

– Rehabilitating addicts through treatment programs designed specifically for them so they can reintegrate into society as productive members if this is their wish or find sustainable employment elsewhere if not.

9. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)The Securities and Exchange Commission is the principal agency responsible for regulating all financial exchanges within Nigeria. The functions of SEC include:

– Promoting efficiency, transparency, integrity, etc. in Nigerian capital markets by providing licenses to market operators (e.g., stockbrokers), establishing rules on how these entities should conduct business, enforcing penalties if regulations are not followed, etc.; issuing trading information via its website, mobile app, etc.; prosecuting individuals who break any laws related to trading securities/derivatives.

– Protecting retail investors from fraudulent practices such as Ponzi schemes or insider trading by making sure they know their rights and what protections exist for them under relevant legislation like the Capital Markets Act 2007 (CMA) before sending money anywhere; monitoring markets for irregularities (e.g., unusual market activity) and stopping them if necessary before losses are incurred.

– Monitoring public companies listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange to ensure they abide by its rules; ensuring compliance with disclosure requirements set out in CMA, as well as other obligations like making sure annual reports filed meet minimum standards, etc.; prosecuting those who break any laws related to securities/derivatives trading or management of publicly traded companies.

– Fostering an environment conducive to investment into Nigeria via fair regulation instead of fear, so people know what protections exist for their money under relevant legislation. In this way, capital can be channeled to positively impact economic development rather than be wasted due to bad investments.

10. Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC)The Corporate Affairs Commission is the agency responsible for registering businesses and other legal entities in Nigeria. The functions of CAC include:

– Issuing certificates that prove a business or entity has been registered (e.g., certificate of incorporation, memorandum, articles, etc.)

– Maintaining an official registry where information on all Nigerian companies must be filed with CAC by following relevant legislation like the Companies & Allied Matters Act 1990; prosecuting those who fail to comply with this requirement.

– Conducting mandatory annual audits of every company listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange to ensure they are abiding by laws related to their activities (e.g., filing financial statements such as Balance Sheets) via trained auditors; ensuring compliance if irregularities are observed. They are also prosecuting those who break any laws related to company management or have been negligent when filing financial statements.

11. Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS)The Federal Inland Revenue Service is the agency responsible for collecting taxes in Nigeria. The functions of FIRS include:

– Collecting all types of tax (e.g., income tax, value-added and excise duties, etc.) with a special focus on those that are harder to collect; providing advice or training as needed regarding payment/reporting obligations.

– Updating the Nigerian Tax Directory every year based on information received from taxpayers via returns filed by them during their financial year, which runs from January – December; prosecuting those who fail to comply with filing requirements set out in relevant legislation like Income Tax Act 2007.

– Conducting audits if necessary once per calendar year or more often depending on how many risk factors they discover before assessing an individual or company; prosecuting those who fail to comply with filing requirements set out in relevant legislation like Income Tax Act 2007.

– Conducting an annual review of all tax laws and making recommendations for any necessary changes according to circumstances on the ground after consulting with interested parties (e.g., taxpayers, their representatives, etc.)

– Monitoring compliance by individuals/companies with tax obligations under current law via taxpayer audits if information suggests this is required based on ignorance or ignorance of one’s obligation, e.g., failure to file returns despite being able to pay taxes owed) before recommending prosecution if needed.

12. National Identification Management Commission (NIMC)The National Identification Management Commission is responsible for managing Nigeria’s national ID card and issuing new citizens. It also handles all issues related to identity in Nigeria, such as:

– Taking steps to ensure proper management of information about Nigerians on government databases (e.g., civil registration system) so it can be accessed by authorized individuals only when strictly required; prosecuting those who fail to comply with this requirement.

– Issuing proof of Nigerian citizenship via a birth certificate or other official document confirming one has attained their 18th birthday, which must be kept up-to-date if changes are made moving forward, e.g., name change after marriage, etc.; providing advice/training where necessary how best to do this while avoiding unnecessary delays.

– Issuing proof of identity via an ID card if the above document has been lost or damaged; facilitating replacement procedures where appropriate.

– Maintaining a database containing information on all Nigerians who have attained their 18th birthday and are eligible to receive identification documents from NIMC (e.g., unique national identifier, full name including any middle names or initials). They ensure this data is accurate before sharing it with other relevant authorities/agencies when needed, e.g., banks, etc. They also prosecute those who fail to comply with maintaining up-to-date records in these cases.

13. The Nigeria Customs Service (NCS) and the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA)The Nigeria Customs Service is the agency responsible for regulating imports and exports into/out of Nigeria. It also handles issues related to taxes on imported goods, such as:

– Collecting federal import tax levied on certain items (e.g., automobiles) entering Nigerian territory. They prosecute those who fail to comply with this requirement before assessing whether it’s necessary or not based on information provided by taxpayers via returns filed during their financial year. It runs from January – December, providing advice or training where needed, e.g., how best to calculate the value-added tax owed, etc.

– Recommending minor penalties like fines rather than prosecutions if warranted after assessing whether negligence resulted in harm that can be linked back directly to taxpayer behavior or misconduct leading to failure to meet requirements before a certain date (e.g., filing returns on time); providing advice/training where needed how best to avoid this in the future while avoiding delays.

– Conducting an annual review of all tax laws and making recommendations for any necessary changes according to circumstances on the ground after consulting with interested parties (e.g., taxpayers, their representatives, etc.)

The Nigeria Ports Authority is responsible for managing each port under its control so goods can enter/leave Nigerian territory smoothly without unnecessary delay or hindrance. They prosecute those who fail to comply with regulations set out by NPA governing ports it manages, e.g., going through customs correctly when importing commodities into Nigeria from outside sources, etc. Lastly, they create awareness about these regulations via information campaigns.

These government agencies work hand in hand to ensure the overall smooth running of the government. You can make good use of the info with regards to your need.

If you know of other government agencies in Nigeria not listed here, kindly send the name via the comment section below in order to keep this article fresh and updated.